Science Information

Science Information

New Energy Bill: Reducing Our Dependence on Foreign Oil

The U. S.

America and its Collision Course

Energy ESP #7 - America and its Collision CourseCrude oil explodes through $46.50 as the problems are growing -It's bigger than Iraq, bigger than Bin Laden and even bigger thanthe next election.

Positive Effects of Carbon Dioxide for Plant Growth

Many articles have been written about the negative effects of carbon dioxide. Sick Building Syndrome, loss of concentration due to high levels of carbon dioxide, asphyxiation in breweries or wine cellars, all these things spring to mind when we hear the magic phrase carbon dioxide.

Marine News - Summer 2004 - Our Ocean Environment

Our oceans are home to many marine mammals, fish, turtles, corals and others. The delicate balance between man and the ocean is constantly being challenged by the demands of our society.

How Body Piercing Works -- The Ins and Outs of this Cutting Edge Process

Body piercing (defined as any piercing beyond the standard earlobe piercing) has become such a popular form of body modification that between five and ten percent of the population of the United States has indulged in at least one form of it at some time in their lives. In most cases, once a person gets a body piercing, they follow the first one with more.

The Joy of Recycling

I have always been an advocate of recycling. Even though I am not always convinced of its financial viability, I am thoroughly convinced of its value as a means of increasing public awareness of the cost of our consumerism.

Energy and America

America is entering into a time of Energy crisis. Itcould easily be the greatest crisis that human-kind isto face.

Diamond Flashes

Beyond magnificence and splendor, the world of diamonds evolves on stirred grounds. When the stake is so important, interests collide.

The Valuable Individual

How can we, as individuals, participate in waste management? Because some of us are so overwhelmed with Earth's problems, we feel that our contributions have no real consequence in the end. For others, social barriers can be an issue.

Trash Talk Your Way to a Better World

North Americans account for less than 10% of the world's population, yet we produce 50% of the world's garbage and consume more than 33% of it's resources. If everyone consumed like the average North American, we would require three Earths!Authors Dave and Lillian Brummet offer an upbeat, proactive look at waste and resource management with their inspiring new book Trash Talk.

Get Hot on Combustion

Energy in the form of heat is obtained when fuel is burnt in air. The release of this heat energy can be slow or can be very rapid.

Why Condition Your Boiler Water?

A boiler is used for generating steam. It does this by heating water to its boiling point, after which steam will evaporate from it.

Tsunami Defined

Tsunami is a Japanese term that describes a large seismically generated sea wave which is capable of considerable destruction in certain coastal areas, especially where underwater earthquakes occur.In Japanese, "Tsunami" means "Harbor Wave" or "Wave In The Harbor" It is now internationally accepted as the term that defines a "Seismic Seawave.

Glyco Nutrients & Stem Cell Production

During the speach, Dr. Reg McDaniel talked about first seeing new stem cells in the peripheral blood of clients using glyconutrients many years ago and not recognizing these cells as stem cells.

Traffic Zoology

There is a secret zoo that runs encaged along the roads.They are liquid, semi-visible goliaths that rage through the streams and chunks of ordinary traffic, with the effervescent tendrils of mile-long tales whipping behind them like Chinese dragons.

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Reference and Education:Science Articles from
02/22/2018 08:07 AM
The Scientific Revolution
The Scientific Revolution were to blame for the introduction of ideas like a heliocentric solar system and regulations of planetary motion. Many cite the era as the period during which modern day science really arrived to fruition, noting Galileo Galilei since the "father of contemporary science." This write-up is going to cover the efforts of 3 very significant experts from the era of the Scientific Revolution: Nicolaus Copernicus, Galileo Galilei, as well Johannes Kepler.
02/13/2018 08:33 AM
The DNA Question
What exactly is the DNA? That is a question that baffles many, even if they believe they have found in a pathway to the construction of body cell. Some call it deoxyribonucleic acid, and refer to it as the building block of cell.
02/09/2018 03:47 PM
Your Development And That Of The Universe
Scientists say that our planet, our universe, is millions of years old - even billions of years old. Conservative Bible believers, like myself, have contested that estimate. In this piece, I take a bit of scientific information (that is, it can be tested and verified to be true or false) and apply it to the consideration of the subject of age of nature.
02/09/2018 11:39 AM
Five Features of Quantitative Research Every Social Science Graduate Student Should Know
This article is suited to the education of new graduate students. It examines five features of quantitative research that every follower of positivism should know and be able to apply in the conduct of academic research. These features are knowledge of assumptions, knowledge of research design, knowledge of methods of integrating measurement and data analysis, knowledge of levels of measurement and knowledge of data interpretation.
02/03/2018 09:00 AM
Handling Uncertainty in PERT and Critical Path Method
Program Evaluation and Review Technique abbreviated as PERT is a valuable project management tool for determining several project management related parameters such as slack in the project, critical path to execute the project etc., The solution to the PERT problem proceeds by determining Earliest Start time, Earliest Finish time, Latest Start time, Latest Finish time etc., and also plots dependencies amongst activities etc.
02/01/2018 10:38 AM
Energy Cloud: The Curve of Digital Forwardness
The emergence of metropolis and industrial revolution has intensified the need for massive energy consumption. To meet the limitless energy demand from limited resources, the global energy practitioners have come up with a digitally integrated energy system to serve the utility and energy industry - Energy Cloud. As an extension of the fourth industrial revolution, the energy cloud serves as a one-point solution for the power and energy industry. The relevance of the application becomes more crucial to achieving energy sustainability as the vision to achieve global sustainability successfully transforms from Millennium Development Goals (MDG) to Sustainable Development Goals targeted for the Vision 2030. The digitization process, if efficiently utilized, can be translated into one of the most disrupting technologies to shape multiple goals of SDG that range from clean water & sanitation and affordable & clean energy to sustainable cities & communities to climate action. It is high time we merged the mutually complementing platforms to realize the unfathomable growth of energy industry and integrate it to the global goals.
01/21/2018 10:12 AM
Pearl: Is It a Stone or an Animal Product?
We are all familiar with stones such as diamonds, rubies and sapphires, but what are pearls? They are not rocks and do not come from the earth. Pearls have been on my mind for years. How are we to classify these gifts from the ocean?
01/12/2018 10:18 AM
Giantology: Thoughts on the Discipline and Methods
If there were truly giant sentient hominids living on the earth at one time, their study surely merits its own field and methods. This article proposes just such a thing and the possible parameters, taxonomy, and basic methods.
01/06/2018 09:17 AM
Spontaneous Combustion of Humans, Animals or Objects - What Really Happens in These Cases?
Sometimes humans, animals or objects, that usually do not easily burn, start burning suddenly, or are found seriously burned. The common belief is about a fire starting from within. This seems not to be the case by closer inspection.
01/02/2018 04:01 PM
Understand the Universe and Create Peace
The Keshe Foundation, a non-profit and non-religious organization offers new scientific knowledge, new technologies and new solutions to major global problems. This information is freely available for all through an open source teaching platform.
01/02/2018 03:32 PM
Everything Is Energy And That Is All There Is To It
It's now common knowledge, that everything in your world is proven to scientifically be made of energy. You see it everywhere. People talking about the power of a positive mind, the life-changing effects of energy medicine, and the very well know, the law of attraction. Alignment, balance, and harmony have become keywords in living a balanced life. What does it all mean?
12/25/2017 03:11 PM
The Simulation Hypothesis: Even More Evidence From Physics
If physics is inconsistent it's more likely we're in a computer simulation. If physics is internally self-consistent then it's more likely we're in a really real reality. Alas, we have contradictions / inconsistencies in physics - relativity vs. quantum mechanics for example. Therefore, you probably exist in a simulation and physics can provide the evidence. So, here's my follow-up collection of evidence from physics.
12/20/2017 08:14 AM
The Infinity Of Particles
How old is an up-quark? If particles can be created out of nothing, then an up-quark, an example of a fundamental particle, has a finite age. However, if matter cannot be created out of nothing, as the First Law of Thermodynamics states, then matter like the up-quark (and also energy), has always existed and thus even if our Universe had a beginning, it was in the context of a beginning from pre-existing stuff.
12/14/2017 08:16 AM
4 Important Tips to Research and Buy Chemicals
In a lab, experts do use various chemicals and chemicals for research purposes. If your lab is not equipped with right chemicals and equipment, you won't be able to perform the experiments. Given below are a few important tips that may help you buy the right research chemicals and other equipment. Read on to know more.
12/13/2017 10:45 AM
Carbohydrate Synthesis & Peptide Synthesis
This is s brief introduction to synthesis. Chemical synthesis and peptide synthesis are mainly discussed here.
12/13/2017 09:22 AM
Techniques of Geochemical Analysis
Techniques of geochemical analysis do involve several processes. Careful analysis is required to get accurate results.
12/12/2017 09:48 AM
Laws of Crystallography and Twinning
Since the crystals do possess a three dimensional arrangement of atoms, there are some regularities related to their faces and hence angles among them. Many crystals do show twinning which does happen during the growth of crystals.
12/06/2017 09:14 AM
Geochemistry Of Sedimentary Processes
The sedimentary rocks are the source for several types of mineral deposits. Petroleum, Iron ore deposits are the major examples of resources which occur in this type of rocks.
12/06/2017 09:11 AM
The Scientific Method in Geology
Step wise process involves identification of the problem, collection of data, explanation or hypothesis, theory, and law. The description of knowledge is science.
12/05/2017 02:48 PM
A Call for the Emancipation of the Nanotechnology
Is there a formula to make nanotechnology take off, something like a 100-year progress in 10-years? A field researcher believes there is a formula, and details, one of these steps is the creation of scientific diagrams with very close results of analytical results that enable entrepreneurs and enthusiasts to invest in nanotechnology. That is, in this presentation the researcher draws attention to a greater popularization of nanotechnology, so as not to be a totally dependent technoscience by governmental resources, but of entrepreneurs with their own resources. Wanting to make science with money from others or a self-sustaining model is a question that will make all the difference in nanotechnology.
12/04/2017 10:18 AM
Crystal Symmetry
Symmetry in crystals is due to an orderly arrangement of atoms. Imaginary lines drawn though the lattice are known as crystallographic axes.
11/29/2017 09:42 AM
Optical Mineralogy
To identify the minerlas, the mineral thin sections can be studied under the microscope by sending light from the light source. Physical and optical properties of minerals aid in identifying them.
11/29/2017 09:41 AM
Geochemistry Of Igneous Processes
Generally magmas originate at temperatures of 700 to 1250 degrees celsius. There are several methods by which magma can evolve.
10/26/2017 08:49 AM
In Search of Yesterday (Science Fiction Story)
Oberon was a young biologist who lived in outer space in a biodome. What brought him into the cosmic void was completely out of his understanding.
10/21/2017 10:43 AM
Exceptions To The Rule: The Speed Of Light (And Gravity?)
We normally expect within our reality and in the physical sciences for there to be a fair degree of consistency. When consistency is broken, then one has to really sit up and take notice and try to figure things out, for things are not always as they seem. One such anomaly with respect to consistency is the speed of light and its relationship to velocities in other contexts.
10/20/2017 08:44 AM
Gravitational Waves and Life Force, Extension of Study of Sound and Light Waves
Dr T.S. Shankara, an Indian Institute of Technology Physics Professor turned Philosopher, In his research paper on Space, Time and causality derives that it is possible to 'hear' air when one travels with a speed higher than that of Sound in the medium AIR. Likewise one can "see' ether when it moves with a speed more than that of LIGHT. The purpose of this article is to extend the theory further to derive that when one moves with a speed more than that of a GRAVITATIONAL wave, one can feel the movement of LIFE FORCE.
10/19/2017 09:45 AM
HEPA Filters and Their Use
Air pollution is not exclusively outdoors. It can occur inside your home as well. Dust mites, dirt, mold spores, animal hair and pollen hidden in carpet fibers, behind the curtains, under your bed and other parts of your home can be part of the indoor home circulation and can irritate your respiratory system.
10/19/2017 09:22 AM
Fishbone Diagram of Investigation
Fishbone diagram, also referred to as Ishikawa or Cause-and-effect diagram is used during the process of finding the main cause of a complex problem by arranging ideas into simple, organized and classified groups. As the name suggests, it gives a preview of the causes and the effects. In the head, notably the head of the fish in the fishbone diagram, effects are written, while the side bones of the fishbone diagram are possible causes.
10/19/2017 09:21 AM
Principle of HPLC
HPLC (High-Performance Liquid Chromatography) is a chromatographic technique used to separate mixtures or compounds in the field of analytical chemistry, biochemistry and in the manufacturing sector. HPLC thus plays a critical role in the pharmaceutical field since its used to test the products and ingredients used to make them. Simply said, it's a method of separating, identifying and quantifying each component in a mixture or compound.
10/19/2017 09:20 AM
Operational Qualification
The operational qualification is a series of tests done to check and clarify the proper operation of a system. The test requirements outlined in the functioning requirements and specification. The tests should all take place before the system s taken out for use or sale.
10/19/2017 09:19 AM
Good Laboratory Practices
The knowledge gained over a long period of time in the establishment of a system of Good laboratory practices in pharmaceuticals industry is highlighted with respect to some specification like design, location, equipment, chemicals and mixing chemicals, reports and auditing. The laboratory should be located, designed, customised to meet the performance required by all quality control and analytical requirement. Although good laboratory practices in pharmaceuticals require that the laboratory should be well located to accommodate the manufacturing department, the two should be separate to avoid dust, vibration and internal and external traffic of...
10/19/2017 09:18 AM
Dissolution Apparatus and Its Use
In the Pharmaceutical world, dissolution is a profound quality control test. It is defined as the amount of solute or solid drug that is placed in a solution per unit time under standardized conditions of temperature, solvent composition and liquid or solid interface. In the dissolution testing process, solubility is the most important parameter to consider in achieving the desired effect.
10/19/2017 09:14 AM
User Requirement Specification
A user requirement specification, abbreviated as URS, is a document written by a buyer outlining the requirements of an equipment he/she wants to buy. The buyer can also be an organization. More specifically in the pharmaceutical field, the company's user department prepares the URS and hands it over to the manufacturing department.
10/16/2017 10:02 AM
ICH Guidelines for Pharmaceuticals
Since the birth of the ICH (International Council for Harmonisation of Technical Requirements in Pharmaceuticals for Human Use) in 1990, the organization has been the main body regulating guidelines for medicines produced on a global scale to guarantee the quality, effectiveness and over all safety of drug development in the pharmaceutical industry. Quality Guidelines When regulating the quality of pharmaceuticals, the ICH has a number of different processes to ensure the safety of all new drug products. First is a stability test which involves understanding the most effective temperatures to store products appropriately to suit...
10/16/2017 10:01 AM
Water for Injection and Its Preparation
According to the FDA Water for Injection is a non-pyrogenic and sterile water used for intravenous injection after addition of a suitable solute. Its pH value ranges from 5.0 to 7.0 usually maintained at 5.5. Its osmolarity is 0. As it is used intravenously and must be sterile at all times, it demands absolute precision in preparation. The USP and FDA allow two methods for preparing water for Injection, they are:
10/13/2017 10:25 AM
PH Meters and Their Working
Acids and bases have free hydrogen and hydroxide ions in an aqueous medium. A solution with more hydroxide ions than hydrogen ions is said to be basic, and one with more hydrogen ions is said to be acidic. A pH meter uses an electric probe to find the pH of a solution.
10/13/2017 10:25 AM
HPLC Columns
High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is a practice in analytical chemistry. It is used to identify, quantify and separate each single part in an element. The HPLC Columns uses pumps pass a liquid solvent under pressure which contains the sample mixture via a column full of the solid absorbent element.
10/09/2017 09:12 AM
Self-Inspection in Pharmaceuticals
Self-inspection is generally a method used to visualize one's own business on matters that gives a productive overall review in the sense to increase the positive effect of quality assurance on the pharmaceutical products. There are certain practices to be followed and conform to the guidelines put forward by agencies that control the authorization for manufacturing of food and drugs under pharmaceutical products termed as Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP). The self-inspection team must be in compliance with GMP to succeed in the methodology of quality assurance.
10/02/2017 08:05 AM
The Simulation Hypothesis: Evidence From Physics
If physics is inconsistent it's more likely we're in a computer simulation. If physics is internally self-consistent then it's more likely we're in a really real reality. Alas, we have contradictions / inconsistencies in physics - relativity vs. quantum mechanics for example. Therefore, according to cosmologist George Smoot (on YouTube), you exist in a simulation and physics can prove it. However, here's my initial collection of evidence from physics.
09/29/2017 08:44 AM
Simulation of a Pair of Dice
A pair of dice when cast yield a lot of possibilities. The sum may range between 2 and 12. In this article we will use Discrete Event Simulation to study which combination is most likely to occur.
09/29/2017 08:40 AM
Calibrating Parametric Estimation Models
Parametric Estimation models express output as a function of input, so by some means the cost of undertaking a project is expressed as a function of several variables. But the data used to train the estimation model to yield the coefficients are dependant upon some conditions that they have to be recalibrated during some other conditions.
09/26/2017 05:28 PM
Materialistic Thinking - Rational or Irrational?
A materialistic way of thinking assumes that science is the be-all and end-all of human knowledge. Those who have this outlook claim that the methods of science are the only reliable ways to secure knowledge of anything. But should we really treat science as our exclusive guide to reality? Are there no other credible sources of knowledge and understanding about our existence?
09/19/2017 01:01 PM
The Starting Point of the Simplex
The simplex is a method used in linear programming problems to obtain solutions to linear programming problems. But the simplex assumes a starting point where the non basic variables are set to 0 each. Here the starting point of the simplex may be far away from the optimum.
09/18/2017 08:07 AM
Science - Does It Invalidate Religion?
New imaging technologies allow science to measure blood flow and neural activity whilst people are meditating and praying. Science claims it can predict and measure religious experience in this way. Atheists like Richard Dawkins are saying this is evidence that religious experience is nothing more than natural activity in certain parts of the brain. From this they conclude that there is no such thing as any supernatural reality. There is an alternative interpretation. Just because religious experiences are accompanied by predictable brain activity, why should this mean they are caused by it?
09/16/2017 10:24 AM
Physics of an Inclined Plane
If a ball is rolled down on an inclined plane, the total energy is conserved. Potential Energy is converted to Kinetic energy as the ball rolls down. It will hence be interesting to see if energy is conserved and so if MGH = 0.
09/13/2017 02:49 PM
Decision Making and Decision Fatigue - What's the Science, Dude?
Decision Making is it a science or an art? I will try to explain the neuroscience behind decision making which is an autonomous process in most of the people.
09/11/2017 09:29 AM
Working of an HVAC System
HVAC is meant for Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning. The goal of HVAC is to control the temperature of air inside the assigned "Air conditioned" space as well as control of moisture, filtration of air and supply of outside natural air for control of oxygen and carbon dioxide levels noticeable all around the conditioned space, main control of the development of air or drought. Every one of these elements comprises an efficient HVAC system.
09/11/2017 09:28 AM
GAMP 5 Guidelines
The GAMP, which is an abbreviation for Good Automated Manufacturing Practice refers to a technical policy group within the International Society for Pharmaceutical Engineering. The group was put together in 1991 in the UK with the aim of handling the existing United States regulations for achieving appropriate production practices in the manufacturing of pharmaceutical products.
09/05/2017 11:03 AM
Performance Qualification (PQ)
Pharmaceutical companies are on the rise today. The industry is booming with high ratios of dependency of the patient. The agenda of these companies is to prepare a medical drug to either use or sell it through appropriate means.
09/05/2017 11:01 AM
Restricted Access Barrier System
In the pharmaceutical sector, the restricted access barrier system is credited for assisting manufacturers to ensure a high level of sterility to in the production of drugs and drug products. The system's rationale is grounded on the need for pharmaceutical manufacturers to adopt strict standards in assuring that the drugs produced are free of all contamination or infectivity risk.

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